WHO CREATED THE NOBEL PRIZES?
The prizes in medicine, physics, chemistry, literature and peace were established by the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite. The first awards were handed out in 1901, five years after Nobel’s death. The economics award was created by Sweden’s central bank in 1968.
The Nobel statutes prohibit the judges from discussing their deliberations for 50 years. The judges try hard to avoid dropping hints about the winners before the announcements, but sometimes word gets out. Last year, there was a sudden surge in betting on literature winner Patrick Modiano in the days leading up to the announcement.
WHO CAN NOMINATE?
Thousands of people around the world are eligible to submit nominations for the Nobel Prizes. They include university professors, lawmakers, previous Nobel laureates and the committee members themselves.
THE NORWEGIAN CONNECTION
The Nobel Peace Prize is presented in Norway while the other awards are handed out in Sweden. That’s how Alfred Nobel wanted it.
WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO WIN A NOBEL?
Patience, for one. Scientists often have to wait decades to have their work recognized by the Nobel judges. （AP）
drop a hint：成語，漏口風、暗示。例句：She has not dropped a hint about the program.（她對該項計畫不透露半點口風。）
word gets out：成語，走漏風聲（消息）。例句：If word gets out about the affair, he will have to step down.（若這件事走漏風聲，他就必須下台。）
for one：慣用語，其中一個、舉個例子。例句：I, for one, would prefer to cancel the meeting.（我就是傾向取消會議的其中一人。）