《中英對照讀新聞》New York to ban hairstyle policies that discriminate against black people 紐約將禁止歧視黑人的髮型政策
New York City will ban discrimination based on hairstyles, a rule designed to stop policies that penalize black people.
The New York City commission on human rights issued the new regulations on Monday. Believed to be the first in the US, the rules give African American New Yorkers the legal right to wear their hair in afros, cornrows, locks, twists, braids, Bantu knots and other styles.
The guidelines target grooming policies maintained by some employers and schools that prohibit hairstyles such as dreadlocks. "Bans or restrictions on natural hair or hairstyles associated with black people are often rooted in white standards of appearance and perpetuate racist stereotypes that black hairstyles are unprofessional," the commission guidelines state.
The latest regulation protects all hairstyles closely associated with a person’s racial, ethnic or cultural identity. But it explicitly spells out that it protects black people’s right to maintain natural hair.
penalize：動詞，使不利、對…不公平。例句：Such a system penalized the poor.（這種制度對窮人不公平。）
perpetuate：動詞，使永存、使不朽。例如，perpetuate the species（保持物種繁衍不息）。
spell out：片語，詳細說明。例句：The President spelled out her energy policy in her speech.（總統在她的演說中詳盡說明其能源政策。）