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種族歧視在中國!全文公布非洲國家駐中國大使聯合抗議信函

中國廣州傳出多名非洲人遭到虐待和歧視,非洲國家表達抗議,並要求中國政府採取行動改善。(資料照,歐新社)

中國廣州傳出多名非洲人遭到虐待和歧視,非洲國家表達抗議,並要求中國政府採取行動改善。(資料照,歐新社)

2020-04-13 08:55:43

〔記者蘇永耀/台北報導〕非洲裔的世界衛生組織秘書長譚德塞指控台灣對其種族歧視,不實言論遭到質疑。事實上,外界批評譚德塞親中的表現,是導致這次武漢肺炎在全球蔓延的主因,而中國近期在廣東等地以疫情為由針對黑人的種種強制作為,則引發非洲國家的怒火,非洲國家駐中國大使在10日聯合致信中國外交部長王毅,痛陳這是中國對於非洲的種族主義,要求立即改善歧視性作為。

這封以「非洲駐中國大使協會」(The Group of African Ambassadors in Beijing)名義發出的抗議信提到,相關汙名化和歧視作為,將讓外界以為COVID-19(武漢肺炎)「是非洲人散播出來的」。本報並取得抗議信函全文。

這封抗議信函並列舉多項歧視性與不人道作為,包括:非洲裔人士半夜裡在居住的旅館裡被逐出;非洲學生儘管在這段時間沒有出遊史,但仍被要求進行核酸測試;與中國婚配的非洲裔人士被要求核酸測試,但他們的中國家人卻不用;無端扣押非洲公民的護照;對非洲公民持續性侮辱,即使檢測結果陰性但仍遭隔離;甚至無正當理由威脅取消非洲裔人士的簽證,並進行逮捕、拘留或驅逐出境,嚴重侵犯人權。

這些非洲駐中國大使們指出,他們感到震驚發現中國對於非洲人的歧視和侮辱,這種只針對非洲人的強制檢疫是沒有任何科學或邏輯依據,也無異於是中國針對非洲人的種族主義。

這封抗議信函除給中國外交部長王毅外,也同時發給聯合國人權理事會,以及非洲聯盟等。

信函全文如下:

Protest Letter of African Ambassadors in Beijing.

The African Group of Ambassadors in Beijing present its compliments to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China and International Department of the Communist Party of China and has the honour to as a follow up of a meeting with a selected African Ambassadors held on Thursday, 9th April, 2020 strongly protest the ongoing forceful testing and quarantine and maltreatment of African Nationals in China and in Guangdong Province in particular .

The Group of African Ambassadors appreciates the excellent relations between China and our respective African countries dating back in the Africa’s liberation struggle, Africa’s support to China, especially in securing the permanent seat of the United Nations Security Council. This collaborative effort also manifested in the ongoing fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and the various assistance extended to our countries by the Communist Party of China under the leadership of H.E Xi Jinxing.

It is therefore worrisome, following this excellent cooperation and mutual friendship that, the African Group of Ambassadors observes with consternations the discrimination and stigmatization of Africans whereby they are made to forcefully, and in a very crude manner to undergo epidemic investigation and Nucleic Acid Test, fourteen (14) days quarantine even if they had not travelled outside their jurisdictions, not come into contact with infected persons, not had close contact or showing any symptoms of the COVID-19.

The Group would like to underscore the fact that the Africans in China have at all times adhered to the laws of China, particularly within the period of this outbreak. We have not and cannot recall Chinese authorities reporting a case where our nationals have violated the anti-pandemic laws and regulations of the China Government. Therefore, the singling out of Africans for compulsory testing and quarantine, in our view, has no scientific or logical basis and amounts to racism towards Africans in China.

We would like to underscore that friendship between Africa and China should be mutual and not a one way affair.

Regrettably, we have received disquieting reports of inhuman treatments meted out to Africans particularly in Guangdong Province and would like to enumerate just but a few:

● African nationals ejected including Togolese, Nigerians, and Benenois from their hotels in the middle of the night only because they are Africans;

● A group of African students studying in Sun-Yat Sen University in Guangzhou were made to undergo the Nucleic Acid Test, in spite of the fact that they had no travel history within the stated period.

● Selective testing of African students while their non African colleagues are left out.

● There were cases of African men married to Chinese ladies and they were demanded to take the COVID-19 test and their Chinese families left out. In some cases the men were pulled out of their families and quarantined in hotels alone.

● Forced evictions of Africans from their various apartments and thrown into the streets even those with infant children.

● Seizure of passports of African nationals in violation of international practices and conventions

● Persistent harassment and humiliation of African nationals by subjecting them to unwarranted medical examinations after testing negative for the COVID-19, and forced into quarantine, irrespective of their negative status;

● Threats of revocation of visas, arrest, detention and deportation of African legal migrants for no cogent reason which infringes on their human rights

From the foregoing the impression is being created as though the spread of the virus is caused by Africans contrary to the fact that , in China and indeed globally, Africans are the least exposed to COVID-19 OR is there any other reason for which Africans are being targeted other than COVID- 19 that we are unaware of ? .

We would also want to bring to your attention the possible backlash in our home countries of this obvious human rights violation.

The Group of African Ambassadors in Beijing immediately demands the cessation of forceful testing, quarantine and other inhuman treatments meted out to Africans in Guangdong Province in particular and the whole of China and also demands that Africans are treated the same as Chinese and other nationals in the fight against COVID-19.

The Group of African Ambassadors in Beijing avail itself of this opportunity to renew to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China and the International Department of the Communist Party of China the assurances of our highest consideration.

BEIJING, 10th APRIL, 2020

THE HON. MINISTER

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA BEIJING

THE VICE MINISTER INTERNATIONAL DEPARTMENT COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA CHINA

ALL AFRICAN MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

DIRECTOR-GENERAL, THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL, GENEVA

DIRECTOR-GENERAL, AFRICAN DEPARTMENT, PRC, MFA DIRECTOR- GENERAL, CONSULAR DEPARTMENT, PRC, MFA

DIRECTOR-GENERAL - GUANGDONG PROVENCIAL FOREIGN OFFICE

CC: THE CHAIR PERSON AFRICAN UNION

ADDIS ABABA